Urogenital tract infections are being increasingly recognized as a serious global health problem in women. They can have severe consequences, including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain and miscarriage.
In women, Lactobacilli species are the predominant vaginal microorganisms. When the normal vaginal microflora is disrupted (due to poor hygiene and use of broad-spectrum antibiotics), overgrowth of pathogens may occur, causing urogenital infection such as bacterial vaginitis, vulvovaginal candidiasis and urinary tract infections. Restoring the normal flora with lactobacilli may help treat these genital infections. Studies have shown that probiotics are effective in treating and preventing urogenital infections, preventing pre-term birth and to improve the success rate during IVF procedures.